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Tips for Pedestrians:

  • Always use crosswalks and pedestrian-activated signals when they are available and cross only at intersections if they are not. 
  • Never jaywalk. Drivers are not anticipating pedestrians crossing in the middle of the street so they may not have enough time to avoid hitting you. 
  • Wear bright reflective clothing at night, in the evening and in the early morning hours. 
  • Walk on the sidewalk. If there are no sidewalks, walk off the road facing traffic. 
  • Watch for cyclists and vehicles backing up in driveways or parking lots. 
  • When crossing driveways and alleys, always look left and right just as you would when crossing a street. 
  • When crossing a street, walk, don't run. This will allow drivers more time to see and come to a safe stop. 
  • Watch for vehicles turning right on a red light. They may not be looking for you.
  • Most pedestrians overestimate the distance at which drivers can see them. Alcohol can limit your ability to judge situations - even as a pedestrian.
  • Don't let children run out ahead of you. Children are less visible than adults and children cannot always exercise good judgment about safety - so stay close enough to pull them to safety.

Pedestrian Signals: http://www.greatersudbury.ca/cms/index.cfm?app=div_transportation&lang=en&currID=1113

 Use the POINT, PAUSE and PROCEED pedestrian safety method for crossing the street: Look all four ways: left, right, ahead and then behind.

POINT across the road with your arm to indicate to drivers you want to cross.

PAUSE until all vehicles are stopped. Assume drivers don't see you and never step out into traffic until you have made eye contact with drivers and you are certain they will stop. When you step off the curb in front of a vehicle that has stopped to let you cross, don't proceed until you have checked the traffic in all other lanes. Drivers may not realize other vehicles have stopped for pedestrians.

PROCEED with your arm extended, when all vehicles have stopped. Keep scanning both sides of the road as you cross. Stop in the middle of the crosswalk if you have to and make sure all oncoming vehicles intend to stop.

Tips for Drivers:

  • When you are in a busy area such as main intersections, schools and playground zone's, anticipate someone crossing the street and slow down. Decreasing your speed by a few kilometres per hour will give you more time to stop. 
  • Make sure your lights and windshields are clean. 
  • Be aware of what other motorists are doing around you. If you are unsure why a vehi¬cle has stopped, use caution, slow down and be prepared to stop in case the vehicle is stopped for a pedestrian. 
  • When stopping for a pedestrian, don't block the crosswalk. If you pull right up to the painted crosswalk lines, your vehicle may obscure the view of other drivers who then may not realize someone is crossing. Wait until the pedestrian has completely cleared the adjacent lanes before proceeding. By waiting, you alert other drivers that there is someone crossing the street. A hand signal (left arm extended out the window and straight down) can help draw attention to the situation. If you notice vehicles approaching the intersection quickly, flash your brake lights a few times or honk your horn. This may alert the driver as well as the pedestrian. 
  • Be aware of left turns. When waiting to turn left at an intersection, be especially aware of pedestrians crossing the street to your left. Turning left across the oncoming traffic is tricky as you may be concentrating on the approaching traffic and fail to notice the pedestrians crossing. When you spot a gap in traffic, make sure nobody is in the crosswalk before you make your turn. 
  • Watch out for jaywalkers. Although drivers have the right of way over jaywalkers, in the event of a collision no one wins.

PEDESTRIAN INVOVLED CRASHES 2010

In 2010 the City of Greater Sudbury experienced 70 Pedestrian involved crashes with motor vehicles. Two of them resulted in the death of the pedestrians. The majority of the crashes occurred along the Lasalle Blvd, Notre dame Avenue/Paris Street corridors as shown in the graphic below.

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The following chart represents where the collisions occurred.

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The following chart indicates the contributing factors of those collisions:

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Twenty-eight collisions occurred involving the primary causal factor as being;


• crossing without traffic controls
• walking out from between parked vehicles
• crossing without right of way
• walking on roadway
• running onto roadway


Another twenty-three collisions occurred involving the secondary causal factor of the drivers of motor vehicles failing to yield to pedestrians lawfully using the roadway.
 

The law as it relates to drivers and pedestrians:

"crosswalk" means,

(a) that part of a highway at an intersection that is included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the roadway, or
(b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by signs or by lines or other markings on the surface; ("passage protégé pour piétons")

"highway" includes a common and public highway, street, avenue, parkway, driveway, square, place, bridge, viaduct or trestle, any part of which is intended for or used by the general public for the passage of vehicles and includes the area between the lateral property lines thereof; ("voie publique")

"roadway" means the part of the highway that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular traffic, but does not include the shoulder, and, where a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" refers to any one roadway separately and not to all of the roadways collectively; ("chaussée")

Duties of pedestrian when walking along highway

179. (1) Where sidewalks are not provided on a highway, a pedestrian walking along the highway shall walk on the left side thereof facing oncoming traffic and, when walking along the roadway, shall walk as close to the left edge thereof as possible. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 179 (1).

Pedestrian crossing
144(22)
Where portions of a roadway are marked for pedestrian use, no pedestrian shall cross the roadway except within a portion so marked. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (22).

Pedestrian - green light
(23)
Subject to subsections (24) and (27), a pedestrian approaching a traffic control signal showing a circular green indication or a straight-ahead green arrow indication and facing the indication may cross the roadway. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (23).

Pedestrian - stopping at flashing green light
(24)
No pedestrian approaching a traffic control signal and facing a flashing circular green indication or a solid or a flashing left turn arrow indication in conjunction with a circular green indication shall enter the roadway. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (24).

Pedestrian - stopping at red or amber light
(25)
No pedestrian approaching a traffic control signal and facing a red or amber indication shall enter the roadway. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (25).

Pedestrian control signals - walk
(26)
Where pedestrian control signals are installed and show a "walk" indication, every pedestrian facing the indication may cross the roadway in the direction of the indication despite subsections (24) and (25). R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (26).

Pedestrian control signals - don't walk
(27)
No pedestrian approaching pedestrian control signals and facing a solid or flashing "don't walk" indication shall enter the roadway. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (27).

Pedestrian right of way
(28)
Every pedestrian who lawfully enters a roadway in order to cross may continue the crossing as quickly as reasonably possible despite a change in the indication he or she is facing and, for purposes of the crossing, has the right of way over vehicles. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (28).

Riding in crosswalks prohibited
(29)
No person shall ride a bicycle across a roadway within or along a crosswalk at an intersection or at a location other than an intersection which location is controlled by a traffic control signal system. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (29).

Drivers Where to stop - Intersection
(5) A driver who is directed by a traffic control signal erected at an intersection to stop his or her vehicle shall stop,

(a) at the sign or roadway marking indicating where the stop is to be made;
(b) if there is no sign or marking, immediately before entering the nearest crosswalk; or
(c) if there is no sign, marking or crosswalk, immediately before entering the intersection. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (5); 2006, c. 19, Sched. T, s. 6 (1).


Where to stop - non-intersection

(6) A driver who is directed by a traffic control signal erected at a location other than at an intersection to stop his or her vehicle shall stop,
(a) at the sign or roadway marking indicating where the stop is to be made;
(b) if there is no sign or marking, immediately before entering the nearest crosswalk; or
(c) if there is no sign, marking or crosswalk, not less than five metres before the nearest traffic control signal. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (6); 2006, c. 19, Sched. T, s. 6 (2).

Yielding to pedestrians
(7) When under this section a driver is permitted to proceed, the driver shall yield the right of way to pedestrians lawfully within a crosswalk. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (7).

Yielding to traffic
(8) When under this section a driver is permitted to proceed, he or she shall yield the right of way to traffic lawfully using an intersection or, where traffic control signals are erected where a private road or driveway meets a highway, lawfully using the area controlled by the traffic control signals. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (8); 2006, c. 19, Sched. T, s. 6 (3).

Offences under the Highway Traffic Act:

  • Fail to yield to Pedestrian - $190.00
  • Fail to yield to wheelchair - $190.00
  • Pedestrian fail to use crosswalk - $50.00
  • Pedestrian disobey green, red light, don't walk signal - $50.00
  • Pedestrian fail to walk on left side of highway - $50.00
  • Pedestrian on roadway fail to keep to left edge - $50.00
  • Cyclist ride in or along crosswalk - $110.00
  • Fail to share roadway - meeting bicycle - $110.00
  • Bicycle fail to turn out to right when overtaken - $110.00
  • Fail to turn out to left to avoid collision with bicycle - $110.00
  • Ride 2 on a bicycle - $110.00

It should be noted that by definition bicycles are vehicles as defined in the highway traffic act and are not allowed on any sidewalk within the City of Greater Sudbury. Operating one on a sidewalk will result in a fine of $75.00 fine.